Mount Etna, the largest and most active volcano in Europe, is located on the east coast of Sicily, Italy. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular destination for tourists and adventurers who want to experience the thrill of trekking on an active volcano.
But what makes Mount Etna so fascinating and unpredictable is its frequent and sometimes violent eruptions, which have shaped its landscape and history for thousands of years.
One of the most memorable eruptions of Mount Etna occurred in 2002, when the volcano produced a spectacular show of fire and ash that lasted for three months, from October 27 to January 28. The eruption was preceded by a seismic swarm that started on the night of October 26, and was followed by the opening of a fissure on the north-eastern flank of the volcano, from which lava fountains and flows emerged. The eruption also involved the south-eastern flank, where two new vents opened and produced lava flows that threatened the town of Nicolosi and the tourist facilities at Rifugio Sapienza.
The eruption of 2002 was remarkable for several reasons. First, it was the first flank eruption of Mount Etna since the violent one of 2001, Second, it was the first time that the north-eastern and south-eastern flanks of the volcano erupted simultaneously, creating a complex and dynamic scenario that challenged the monitoring and management of the volcanic crisis. Third, it was one of the most explosive and spectacular eruptions of Mount Etna in recent history, producing impressive lava fountains that reached heights of over 1 km, and ash plumes that rose up to 10 km and dispersed over a large area of Sicily and beyond.
The eruption of 2002 also had significant impacts on the environment and the society. The lava flows covered a big areas and destroyed several buildings, roads, and power lines. The ash fall caused damage to crops, vehicles, and roofs, and posed health risks to people and animals. The eruption also affected the air traffic, forcing the closure of the Catania airport for several days. Moreover, the eruption attracted a lot of media attention and public interest, both nationally and internationally, and stimulated scientific research and education on the volcano and its hazards.
If you are interested in visiting Mount Etna and witnessing the traces of its 2002 eruption, you can join one of our guided tours with a professional volcanology Guide. I offer different options for all levels of difficulty and duration, from easy walks to challenging treks, from half-day to full-day excursions. You will have the opportunity to explore the fascinating and diverse landscapes of Mount Etna, from the lush forests to the barren lava fields, from the ancient craters to the recent lava flows. You will also learn about the geology, history, and culture of the volcano and its people, and enjoy the stunning views and the unique atmosphere of this natural wonder.
To book your excursion, visit my website or contact me by phone or email. I look forward to sharing with you my passion and knowledge of Mount Etna, the most amazing volcano in the world.